With the mighty Ganga River flowing through its middle, Bihar has been the perfect vacationing destination for millions of tourists. While Patna, the capital city is dotted with some of the most enchanting architecture and modern-day infrastructures, the quaint city of Bodhgaya on the other side takes you back to the past when everything around us was calm and beautiful. From Vaishali to Madhubani and from Nalanda to Gaya , every city of Bihar is a gem in its own. 
 
Defined Beautifully By Rich Culture, Colourful Festivals, Quaint Monuments, Ancient Monasteries, And An Old-world Charm, The Rustic And Contemporary Places To Visit In Bihar Lure All Kinds Of Tourists. The Architecturally And Religiously Rich Cities Of Bihar State Are Packed With Popular Age-old Attractions That Fascinate Tourists To Explore These Fine Best Kept Secrets.

From Age-old Viharas And Majestic Hindu Temples To Mystic Hill Caves (Barabar Caves) And Intriguing Museums (Patna British Museum), The Tourist Places In Bihar Speak A Lot About The Glorious Prehistoric And Historic Eras Of The Country. While The Patna Sahib Gurudwara In Patna And The Hargauri Temple In Kishanganj Let You Seek Blessings, Valmiki National Park In Bettiah And Kanwar Bird Sanctuary In Begusarai Offer You An Insight Of The Rich Biodiversity Of Bihar.

The Sher Shah Suri Tomb In Sasaram And The Navlakha Palace In Rajnagar Offer A Chance To Take A Tour Through History, While The Mahabodhi Temple In Gaya And The Royal Bhutan Monastery In Bodhgaya Speak A Lot About The Life And Preachings Of Gautama Buddha.
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01

Patna

Originally known as Pataliputra and renamed as Azimabad during the Mughal rule, the modern-day Patna is the capital city of Bihar state. Lying along the picturesque south bank of the river Ganges, Patna is one of the oldest cities in the country. Dating back to the 5th century BCE, the ancient Pataliputra was founded by the king of Magadha, Ajathashatru.

The beauty of the city of Patna is defined by its wide roads, new buildings, and tenebrous squares. The rich historical and colorful cultural heritage of the city adds to its never-ending charm. The glorious stories of the past, the rich fertile lands, the revered learning centers, and age-old spiritual sites, make Patna an interesting tourist destination. 

Location: The serene city of Patna is located around 470 KM northwest of Kolkata

Historical Facts:
The city was founded in the fifth century BCE by Ajatshatru, the King of Magadha. 
The city of “Pataliputra” was a center of learning and then became the capital city of the Gupta Dynasty.
The city was deserted around the 7th Century BCE when the dynasty declined.
Being re-founded around 1541 by an Afghan Ruler, the city again rose to prosperity under the Mughal Rule.  

Places to Visit:
Patna is home to a myriad of famed historical monuments, including Golghar, the Patna Museum, Jalan Museum and the Ruins of Pataliputra. 
This ever growing city also boasts many spiritually significant places, including the Patna Sahib Gurudwara, Mahavir Mandir.
Other important tourist attractions in Patna include the Patna Market, Gandhi Ghat, the Patna Planetarium, and Buddha Smriti Udyan.

Activities to Do:
While you are in Patna, you can spend time taking historical and cultural tours through the heritage sites. 
You can also take pilgrimage tours through the various spiritual sites significant to Hinduism, Buddhism, and Jainism.
The city also lets you take local food tours and try authentic Bihari delicacies, including Litti Chokha, Dal Peda, Kesar Peda, and Gujia. 

Best Time to Visit: 
You can experience the best weather in Patna, if you visit the city during the winter season, between the months of October and March. During this time of the year, the city experiences cool and pleasant weather, which is suitable for sightseeing.

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Lying on the western bank of River Phalgu, in southwestern Bihar, Bodh Gaya was previously known as Uruwela, Sambodhi, and Vajrasana. Among all the famous tourist places in Bihar, the town of Bodh Gaya is famed as the home to the sacred Bodhi tree, under which Gautama Buddha attained enlightenment.

The beauty of Bodhgaya is mainly defined by its magnificent age-old Buddhist temples that not only offer you a glimpse into the rich Buddhist mythology but also showcase impressive architectural designs for you to marvel at. The beauty of this pilgrimage hub has attracted famous personalities, including China’s Xuanzang and Fa Hien in times gone by.

Location: The city of Bodhgaya lies at a distance of 110.7 KM from Patna. 

Historical Facts:
The place is considered to be the spot where Gautama Buddha attained enlightenment.
King Ashoka constructed a small shrine at this site in the 3rd century BCE and a stone railing was constructed around this place in the 1st century BCE. 
The small shrine was replaced by the Mahabodhi Temple in the 2nd century BCE, which was declared as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 2002.

Places to Visit:
Known as the spiritual hub of the country, Bodh Gaya is packed with a plethora of ancient pilgrim sites, including the Mahabodhi Temple and the Great Buddha Statue.
This town is also home to the Bodhi Tree, which was a sapling placed by his highness Dalai Lama.
There are numerous monasteries and temples including the Thai Monastery, the Royal Bhutan Monastery, Cankamana, and the Indosan Nippon Japanese Temple. 
Another important attraction of Bihar includes the Tibetan Refugee Market, which attracts shopaholics.

Activities to Do:
On your trip to Bodh Gaya, you can take a spiritual tour through the various religious and theological places of the town. 
You can also spend time indulging in shopping for unique souvenirs, including handicrafts and winter garments. 

Best Time to Visit:
The most ideal time to visit Bodh Gaya is between the winter months of October and March when the town experiences pleasant and comfortable weather. The town also receives a heavy influx of tourists between April and May, when the famous festival of Buddha Purnima is celebrated here with great pomp and show.

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03

Gaya

Nestled along River Phalgu, in south-central Bihar, Gaya city is considered to be the commercial and pilgrimage centre of the state. Surrounded by small rugged hills on its three sides, Gaya lies at the convergence of the Chota Nagpur Plateau and the Gangetic Plain. The second-largest city of Bihar, Gaya has its name in the epics of Mahabharata and Ramayana. It is the place where Lord Ram and Lakshman offered pind-daan to their father Dashrath.

Gaya holds great significance in Hinduism, Buddhism, and Jainism. The age-old shrines with intricate carvings and paintings take the beauty of Gaya to an entire next level. The thick sugarcane plantations also contribute to the charm of this city. Gaya is packed with numerous colleges and libraries, which makes it an excellent attraction for tourists, who want to learn about the educational facilities available in the city. 

Location: The city of Gaya lies at a distance of 98.1 KM from Patna.

Historical Facts:
The name of this city has been mentioned in various ancient manuscripts including the Ramayana, The Great Epics, and The Mahabharata. 
This place is considered to be the spot where Shri Ram, Mata Sita, and Lakshman came to do the sermons of “Pind Daan” of their father, Maharaja Dashrath along the river stream.
Gaya was known as “Gayapuri” in the past and has seen the rise and decline of various different dynasties.

Places to Visit:
The city also has a myriad of majestic ancient temples, including the Vishnupada temple.
You can also mark a stop at Lord Yama Temple, Dungeshwari Cave Temples, and Mangla Gauri Temple
Places like the Chinese Temple and Vishnupad Temple are also major attractions among tourists.

Activities to Do:
On your visit to Gaya, you can seek blessings at the various pilgrimage sites of the city, including Hindu and Buddhist temples. 
You can also relish the famous local snacks, including Kesaria Peda, Aloo Kachalu, Tilkut, and Bhunja.

Best Time to Visit:
Gaya, in general, experiences a humid subtropical climate. The most comfortable weather is experienced in the city during the winter months of October to March. This is also the best time to enjoy sightseeing in Gaya.

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04

Rajgir

Lying in central Bihar, the quaint town of Rajgir is a small upland region, known popularly for its natural surroundings and spiritual significance in Buddhism, Jainism, and Hinduism. Translated to the “abode of Gods'', the town of Rajgir dates back to around 3000 years. Rajgir is categorized into two segments - one is founded by the Magadha king Ajathashatru and the other one is completely fortified and encompassed by 7 majestic hills.

Having its name mentioned in Mahabharata and other Buddhist and Jain scriptures, the town has served as a major excavation site and contributed to the discovery of many relics related to these religions. Surrounded by lush green environs and rugged hills, Rajgir is famous for its virgin natural beauty. Picturesque springs, old mystic caves, and thick lush forests add to the unfathomable charm of this scenic town.

Location: The city of Rajgir lies at a distance of 105 KM from Patna.

Historical Facts:
This was the first capital kingdom of Magadha
The city of Rajgir was one of the prime locations for Buddha’s Preachings.
Rajgir was the place around which the Ancient Nalanda University was founded.
This was the place from where the Mauryan Emperor Ashoka passed through to finally reach Bodhgaya.

Places to Visit:
One of the top attractions of the serene town of Rajgir is its age-old spiritual sites, including the Japanese Stupa, Makhdum Kund, Maniar Math, Laxmi Narayan Mandir, and Stupa of Sariputra. 
Rajgir is also packed with a myriad of historical places, such as Bimbisara Jail, Veerayatan Museum, Cyclopean Walls, Saptaparni Caves, and Sonabhandar. 
Other primary attractions of Rajgir town include the hot springs, the ropeway, and the Vulture’s Peak.

Activities to Do:
On your tour to Rajgir, you can spend time taking heritage walks and learning about the historical and religious importance of this ancient town. 
You can also take a bath in the hot springs and enjoy the ropeway ride to the Vishwa Shanti Stupa.

Best Time to Visit:
Rajgir experiences the best weather between the winter months of October and March. During this time the temperature is mild and the weather is pleasant and comfortable. The famous Rajgir Mahotsav is also celebrated in the month of October.

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05

Nalanda

Lying in Central Bihar, Nalanda is considered to be the ancient hub of knowledge. Counted among the revered Mahaviharas, the town of Nalanda is not only an age-old centre of Buddhist learning, but is also a pilgrim destination. Offering an impressive amalgamation of history, culture, spirituality, and architecture, Nalanda continues to add value and excellence to the state of Bihar.

The beauty of Nalanda lies in its beautifully architectured historical marvels, most of which are now in their ruins. The calm and peaceful environment of this city together with the well-preserved old world charm work beautifully to make this town much appealing.

Location: The city of Nalanda lies at a distance of 90 KM from Patna.

Historical Facts:
The town of Nalanda has been declared a UNESCO Heritage Site for being an important historical structure.
This is the place where a University was back in around 200 AD.
Nalanda was home to a Buddhist University, which was made around the ancient Kingdom of Magadha.
Its findings and preachings became a reason for ancient India to prosper.

Places to Visit:
One of the primary attractions of Nalanda is the world-famous Nalanda University, which is one of the world’s oldest known universities and a UNESCO World Heritage Site. 
Other important tourist attractions boasted by Nalanda include the Hiuen Tsang Memorial Hall and the Nalanda Archaeological Museum which exhibit relics related to the past.
You can also mark a stop at the Surya Mandir, The Great Stupa, and the Nav Nalanda Mahavihara.

Activities to Do:
While you are in the town of Nalanda, you can pay a visit to the breathtaking Nalanda Ruins and can explore its rustic charm.
You can also marvel at the magnificent Nandyavarta Mahal and click some memorable pictures around there.
You can visit Cafeteria Nalanda to relish local snacks.

Best Time to Visit:
Nalanda experiences a hot climate with cool winters and hot summers. The best weather can be experienced here during the winter season, between the months of October and March. During this time of the year, you can experience pleasant and salubrious weather in Nalanda, which will let you take your heritage walks comfortably in the town.

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Lying on the eastern bank of River Bagmati, in northern Bihar, Darbhanga happens to be the 6th largest city of the state. Darbhanga consists of two words, namely Dar and Bhanga, translating to the ‘Gateway of Bengal’. The city is considered to be the headquarters of the Darbhanga district and the capital of the region of Mithila. Referred to as the “Cultural Capital of Bihar'', Darbhanga is home to many renowned personalities of the country, including Bollywood actors, political figures, and poets.

The beauty of the city of Darbhanga is perfectly described by its majestic historical remains, which take the architectural charm of the city to the next level. The elegant palaces, diverse traditions, and rich art and music add a mystic charm to the city, which leaves every traveler to astound and spellbound.  

Location:
The city of Darbhanga lies at a distance of 139.7 KM from Patna

Historical Facts:
The city of Darbhanga is connected to the richest landowners of the country, the Darbhanga Royal Family.
This place is known for its art, which many people have learned and are learning, the Madhubani Art

Places to Visit:
One of the important places to visit in Darbhanga is the famous Darbhanga Fort, which lies in the Rambagh Palace. 
The city of Darbhanga is also home to many intriguing museums, including the Chandradhari Museum and the Maharajadhiraja Lakshmeshwar Singh Museum. 
Other renowned heritage attractions of Darbhanga that have attracted the world to the city, include the Nargona Palace, Anand Bagh Palace, Shyama Mai Temple, and Kusheshwar Asthan Shiv Temple.

Activities to Do:
You can spend time in Darbhanga, taking a walk through history at the various age-old museums of the city. You can also marvel at the majestic Darbhanga Fort. 
You can also pay homage at the various ancient Hindu temples. 
You can even watch folk dance and enjoy Dhrupad music. Also, go shopping for the Madhubani paintings and various souvenirs at the colorful and bustling local markets, including Pahee Market, Tower Chowk Market, Masraf Bazaar, and Tara Market. 
You can even try local delicacies including Thekua and Makhane ki Kheer. 

Best Time to Visit:
Darbhanga experiences a humid subtropical climate. The most ideal time for visiting this city is between the months of September and March

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07

Munger

Lying on the River Ganges, the city of Munger was established back in the 4th century CE by the Guptas. In 1763, the Nawab of Bengal Mir Qasim made Munger his capital city and commanded the construction of many important places under his reign. Backed up by glorious history, Munger happens to be the 11th largest city of Bihar state.

The beauty of the city of Munger lies in its ancient factories, historic tombs and monuments, age-old pilgrimage sites, and beautiful thermal springs. The city perfectly retains its rustic old-world charm, which makes it even more alluring. 

Location:
The city of Munger lies at a distance of 178.6 KM from Patna

Historical Facts:
The town of Munger is believed to be founded back in the 4th Century by the Guptas.
This place has been an important grain market because of the ferry connection and the railway services. 
It became famous for being home to various factories where firearms and swords were made. 

Places to Visit:
One of the famous attractions of Munger city is its ancient cigarette factory, which is considered to be one of the country’s largest cigarette-producing factories. 
Known for their gorgeous thermal springs, Sitakund and Rishikund are other important tourist places in Munger. 
Spread across a huge area of 222 acres, the architecturally stunning Munger Fort also attracts a heavy influx of tourists.
The Dolphin Eco Park and the Bhimbandh Wildlife Sanctuary are some of the important places that are aimed at the conservation and upliftment of the biodiversity of the city. 
Other prime places of interest in the city of Munger include the Tomb of saint Shah Mushk Nafa, Jai Prakash Udyaan, Chandika Asthan, Pir Pahar, Mir Qasim’s Tunnel, Pir Shah Nafah Shrine, and Goenka Shivalaya.

Activities to Do:
On your visit to Munger, you can enjoy touring through the historical tombs and religious shrines of the city. 
You can also take a safari at the Bhimbandh Wildlife Sanctuary and enjoy breathtaking views from the Munger Fort.
You can even shop for handloom sarees and bangles from the Purani Bazaar of the city. 

Best Time to Visit:
Munger experiences a humid subtropical climate with cold winters and warm summers. The most ideal time for visiting this city is between the months of September and March, when the place experiences mild and salubrious weather. 

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Home to the famous Churli Estate, the district of Kishanganj in Bihar’s Purnia division bears connections to the Indian freedom struggle and is said to be one of the places to see in Bihar. Kishanganj is a part of the chicken neck in the Indian map, and shares borders with West Bengal and Nepal.

You can also find several rivers flowing through Kishanganj, some of which include Mahananda, Kankai, Mechi and Ratua rivers, among others. Kishanganj is also the only tea producing region in all of Bihar. 

Location: Kishanganj is located near the erstwhile Churli Estate, along the borders of Nepal, around 234 kilometres from Patna

Historical Facts:
-Kishanganj gets its name from Krishna-Kunj.
-Kishanganj used to be a part of Nepal during the Mughal eras and was then known as Nepalgarh.
-It was during the Mughal ruler Nawab Mohammad Fakiruddin’s reign that a wandering Hindu saint refused to enter the district because the names of the place, river and ruler were all Muslim.
-Owing to this, the Nawab renamed a small portion of the region as Krishna Kunj, which later got distorted to Kishanganj.

Famous Attractions:
-Khagra Mela, an age-old fair that is held here every year.
-Kachuudah Lake, a natural lake, where one can see hundreds of migratory birds, enjoy picnics or even take relaxing strolls.
-Hargauri Temple, which is a 100-year-old Shiv-Parvati temple built by the zamindar of the Tagore Estate, and is a prominent pilgrimage site during Shivratri.
-Nehru Shanti Park, considered as one of the most beautiful parks in the region, and is home to several different species of flowers, plants, herbs and trees.
-Bandarjoola, which is a village in the Benugarh area, where statues of Lord Vishnu and the Sun God were found during excavations some years ago.

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09

Sasaram

Located on the western bank of the Sone river, in the Bhojpur region in southwestern Bihar, Sasaram is believed to date back to the 7th century AD. Although the city was founded much earlier, Sasaram gained a lot of popularity under the reign of Sher Shah Suri. In the bygone times, the city formed a gateway to many important cities of Bihar, including Nalanda, Rajgir, and Gaya. Sasaram is also believed to be the place through which Buddha passed to achieve enlightenment during the prehistoric era.

Lying on the popular Grand Trunk Road constructed under Sher Shah Suri, the city of Sasaram makes for an agricultural hub of the state. Surrounded by scenic forested mountains of the magnificent Kaimur range, Sasaram looks naturally alluring. 

Location: The city of Sasaram lies at a distance of 151.7 KM from Patna. 

Historical Facts:
Old historical monuments and magnificent temples prompt the cultural beauty of Sasaram city. 
During the Vedic times, the town of Sasaram was a part of the Kashi Kingdom.
This town was once named Shah Sarai, meaning the palace of the kings
The town was also the birthplace of Sher Shah Suri, the ruler of Delhi.

Places to Visit:
- One of the most popular attractions of the city of Sasaram is the impressive red sandstone Tomb of Sher Shah Suri, which dates back to the 16th century and flaunts Indo-Islamic architecture. 
- Packed with around 200 picturesque waterfalls, the city offers a real scenic treat to the eyes. These include Manjhar Kund, Dhua Kund, Sitakund.
- Other important historical attractions of Sasaram city include the Tomb of Hasan Khan Suri and the Rohtasgarh Fort. 
- Sasaram is also home to a myriad of temples, including the Gupteshwar Temple, the Maa Tara Chandi Temple.

Activities to Do:
There is a myriad of things to do in Sasaram including heritage walks and spiritual tours. 
You can also visit the various waterfalls in the city for a refreshing dive and excellent photography opportunities. 
You can even plan to attend the colorful festivals of Sasaram, including the Tilouthu Mela and Karma Festival.

Best Time to Visit:
The climate of Sasaram is marked by high temperatures with consistent precipitation all through the year. The city enjoys pleasant and moderate weather between September and March, which makes for the best time to visit Sasaram for sightseeing.

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10

Rohtas

One of the state’s 38 districts, Rohtas was formed after the division of Shahabad district into Rohtas and Bhojpur back in 1972. Spread across an area of around 3850 square kilometers, the district of Rohtas is considered as a part of the Patna division. With Sasaram serving as the district’s administrative headquarter, Rohtas is known to be the 4th largest district of Bihar. Rohtas is packed with many breathtaking natural areas with scattered woodlands, which make the place appear green and scenic.

The place is snaked upon by a number of picturesque streams, including the Koel, the Sura, the Bajari, and the Durgawati, all of which add to the rich virgin natural beauty of the district. Thick forest cover, with long grasses, including Khas Khas, pear grass, and kus incorporate an incredible charm into the city, luring tourists from across the country. 

Location:
The city of Rohtas lies at a distance of 146 KM from Patna.

Historical Facts:
- In previous years, some of the regions of this district was the abode of aboriginals, whose chief representatives are The Bhars, The Cheers and The Oraons. 
Sasaram, the headquarters of Rohtas is believed to get its name derived from the names of Sahastrabahu And Parsuram after their fight in this area. 
The name Rohtas is connected with the son of King Harishchandra’s son Rohitashwa. 

Places to Visit:
One of the major attractions of the city of Rohtas is the famous Telhar and Karkat waterfalls. 

Activities to Do:
On your visit to Rohtas, you can head for an exploration tour of the majestic Rohtas Plateau
You can also take a safari tour in Kaimur wildlife sanctuary and spot Indian leopards, Bengal tigers, sambar deers, nilgais, and four-horned antelope.

Best Time to Visit:
Rohtas experiences the most salubrious and pleasant weather between the months of October and June.

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The administrative headquarters of the Begusarai district, Begusarai lies at an altitude of around 134 feet from sea level, in north Bihar. The Begusarai district is nestled on the northern banks of the Ganges, encompassed by Patna on the west, Khagaria on the north-east, Samastipur on the north-west, and Munger on the south-east.

Agriculture forms the prime backbone of the economy of Begusarai. The city of Begusarai is adorned by thick fruit plantations, including mango, banana, guava, and litchi orchards. Various age-old stupas and pillars have also worked to enhance the beauty of this city.

Location: The city of Begusarai lies at a distance of 127.4 KM from Patna

Historical Facts:
The city of Begusarai has been the birthplace of Hindi Poet Ramdhari Singh Dinkar.
This place has been a part of the ancient Mithila kingdom.
The name Begusarai is derived from a Persian word meaning “Travelers’ Lodge'', which used to be a building in the center of the town.

Places to Visit:
One of the prime attractions of the city of Begusarai is the famous Begusarai Museum, which was established to showcase the artifacts excavated from this region. 
At present, this museum exhibits stone sculptures of Jain and Hindu deities, potteries, ancient coins, terracotta objects, and Pala artworks. 
Another important place of interest in Begusarai is Naulaga, which is an archaeological and historical site. 
Other important attractions of Begusarai include the Radha Shyam Temple and the Panch Mandir.
The best place to visit here is truly the Kanwar Lake Bird Sanctuary.

Activities to Do:
On your tour to the city of Begusarai, you can spend time exploring the Pala-era historical remains. 
You can enjoy bird watching in Kanwar Lake Bird Sanctuary.
You can marvel at the 146 feet tall resident deity of the Radha Shyam Temple and witness the age-old Shivalinga of the Panch Mandir. 
You can also attend the colorful Simaria Mela, which is held at the Simaria Ghat every year between the months of October and November. 
You can also enjoy a cycle rickshaw ride through this quaint city. 

Best Time to Visit: 
To experience the best and most pleasant weather in Begusarai, it is recommended to plan your tour of this city during the winter months of October to February.

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With around 1515 villages and 4 small towns, the district of Bhagalpur exhibits the perfect essence of historical harmony and natural beauty. Sitting along the plains of Ganga, Bhagalpur has been attracting various devotees from the corners of the world. Having a very fertile land, this place has contributed to the economy of Bihar through the plantations of rice, wheat, maize, barley, and oilseeds.

With high-standing mountains, gushing river streams, and ruins of numerous historical buildings, Bhagalpur is known for its beauty which is embellished in nature as well as architecture. Bhagalpur is also known to be the"Silk City". The "Silk City" of Bhagalpur is known for the unique silk fabric Tussah or Tusser. The rise of such industries has made it reach the list of developing cities under the smart city program. 

Location:
The city of Bhagalpur lies at a distance of 221.5 KM from Patna

Places to Visit:
Make sure that you mark a visit to the Dolphin Sanctuary
The major attractions like the Jaiprakash Udhyan add more beauty to its surroundings with the variety of flora and fauna they hold. 
Be it gazing at the granite boulders of Mandir Hill or just traversing along the shores of the Ganges, you will be visiting various beautiful locations here.
One of the must-visit attractions of Bhagalpur is the ruins of Vikramshila - a royal university dating back to 770-810 A.D.

Activities to Do:
From exploring the royal history at the Bhagalpur Museum to taking part in the aarti along the ghats of the Ganges, you will find a plethora of activities to do in Bhagalpur. 
Ensuring that your vacation pictures will be beautiful, make sure that you visit the ruins of Vikramshila and enjoy a photo session along the ruined walls and splendid architecture. 

Best Time to Visit:
With its highest temperature ranging around 37 degrees celsius, Bhagalpur remains comparatively colder than other districts and cities of Bihar. However, the best time to enjoy a vacation is between October to March, when the climate remains cold and blissful.

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Perched on the southern banks of the Burhi Gandak River, in north-central Bihar, Muzaffarpur was established in the 18th century by Muzaffar khan. Known fondly as ‘The Litchi Kingdom’, the city of Muzaffarpur is the commercial and educational hub of the state. The administrative seat of the Muzaffarpur district, the city holds natural, political, and historical significance.

Packed with lush, fruity-smelling Litchi plantations, Muzaffarpur is a naturally beautiful city. While the age-old divine temples of the city keep its rustic charm alive, the lively streets and swanky concrete clusters add to its modern gorgeousness. Believed to have been a significant part of the Licchavi Kingdom in ancient times, Muzaffarpur is bestowed with abundant cultural beauty.  

Location:
The city of Muzaffarpur lies at a distance of 82.5 KM from Patna. 

Historical Facts:
The city is named after Muzaffar Khan, the revenue officer under British rule.

Places to Visit:
In addition to the very popular Litchi Gardens, there are a number of other astounding attractions in Muzaffarpur city, including Devi Mandir, Ramchandra Shahi Museum, and the Khudiram Bose Memorial.
Mark a visit to the Baba Garib Sthan Mandir, known as the Deoghar of Bihar.
For an evening stroll, you can visit the  Jubba Sahni Park and Garib Sthan Mandir. 
Muzaffarpur is also known famously for its amazing markets, including Motijheel and the Grand Mall that offer excellent shopping opportunities.

Activities to Do:
On your tour to Muzaffarpur, you can tour through the popular heritage sites, including temples and museums. 
You can also take a food tour and try delicious Bihari and North Indian delicacies, including Choora, Litti, Kadhi Bari, Pitha, Dhuska, Malpua, Jalebi, and Ghugni. 
Tourists can also head on a shopping spree purchasing beautiful souvenirs
 including Lac Bangles, home decor, clothing, jewelry, and shoes. 

Best Time to Visit:
The best weather to enjoy outdoor sightseeing and shopping is during the winter season, between the months of December and February. During this time of the year, the days are warm and the nights are cool. The month between May and June makes for an ideal time for touring the Litchi Gardens.

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Vaishali is one of the most popular tourist places in Bihar, being an important pilgrimage site for Jains and Buddhists from all over the world. It is believed to be the birthplace of Lord Mahavira, which makes it a significant site for Jains. Buddhists also consider this place holy since Vaishali is the place where Gautama Buddha is believed to have delivered his final sermon.

In honour of the Buddha, Ashoka the great emperor also built the famous Ashokan Pillar that still stands in Vaishali. Despite being a small village, it is one of the most fascinating places to visit in Bihar, known for its historical significance, its sprawling mango and rice fields and serene natural beauty.

Location:
 Vaishali is located at a distance of 42.2 km from Patna, via the NH322 or the Patna – Parsa – Siwan Highway

Historical Facts:
- It is believed that the village is named after King Vishal from the Mahabharata.
- Vaishali village was also frequented by Lord Buddha when he used to travel the country spreading his knowledge on Buddhism.
- Vaishali was also the place where Gautama Buddha delivered his last and final sermon before his death in the 4th century BC.
- In honour of the Buddha’s, King Ashoka - one of the greatest followers of Buddhism- erected the famous Ashoka Pillar in the village.

What to Visit:
- The historical Ashoka Pillar is one of the top attractions in Vaishali
- The Bawan Pokhar Temple is an ancient temple that is significant to Hindus.
- Abhishek Pushkarn is a holy lake in Vaishali which contains the ashes of the Buddha.
- You can also explore the ruins of Raja Vishal’s Garh – after whom the town is named
- Vaishali Museum is home to some of the most exciting discoveries that have been excavated from the region

Famous Attractions:
- Ashoka Pillar
- Vishwa Shanti Stupa
- Abhishek Pushkarn
- Raja Vishal ka Garh
- Bawan Pokhar Temple

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15

Kaimur

Lying in the Western region of Bihar, Kaimur is one of the 38 districts of the state. With its headquarters located in Bhabua, Kaimur was a part of the Rohtas district before 1991. It was also a part of the Chainpur Estate until 1837, before which it remained as a part of the Ghazipur district until 1764.

With more than 20,000 years old rock paintings found here, Kaimur is a popular destination among history buffs and archaeologists. Packed with majestic hills and plateaus, Kaimur is also a hotspot among nature lovers. Some of the top attractions in Kaimur include the Kaimur Wildlife Sanctuary, Karkat Waterfall, Maa Mundeshwari Temple, and Karmanasa River.

Location: 
The district of Kaimur lies at a distance of 185.4 KM from Patna

Historical Facts:
- Kaimur district was founded on 17th March 1991, after it was separated from Rohtas district.
- Until 1994, it was known as the Bhabua district.
- The 20,000 years old rock paintings found in the Lehda forest serve as the earliest evidence of human habitation in the Kaimur district. Erotic Pala sculptures were also excavated in Baidyanath village as lately as June 2012.
- At present Kaimur district is a part of the Red Corridor.
- Kaimur district also holds a deep significance in Hindu mythology. This place is believed to be the Penitential site of Attri Rishi. Maa Mundeshwari Temple located in this district is considered to be one of the oldest temples in the country.

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The District Headquarters of the Sitamarhi District – the city of Sitamarhi is known as the birthplace of Sita from the stories of Ramayana. It is one of the most popular tourist places in the city, known for its historical, theological and spiritual significance.

There are several beautiful rivers such as the Manusmara, Aghwara, Bagmati and Lakhendei that flow through the town, adding to its quaint, natural beauty. Sitamarhi is not only known for its natural beauty and historical significance, but also for its present-day art and culture. It is a hub for authentic Madhubani paintings and hand-made lac bangles. Other popular items made here include bamboo furniture and toys, stone pottery, miniatures, leather items and much more.

Location: 
Sitamarhi is located in the Tirhut Division of Bihar, in the Mithila region, at a distance of 135.2 km north-east from the capital city of Patna (via Patna – Sitamarhi Road)

Historical Facts:
- The main attraction in the city of Sitamarhi is a temple dedicated to Sita, wife of Lord Ram
- The temple can be found in the Punaura Dham in Sitamarhi
- It is dedicated to Sita because the city is believed to be her birthplace
- Another historical site in Sitamarhi is a rock-cut sanctuary that dates back to the Mauryan period

Famous Attractions:
- Sita Kund is one of the most popular places, believed to be the spot where Sita performed Agnipariksha after returning from her captivity
- Haleshwar Sthan is one of the oldest and most sacred Hindu temples, built by King Videha in honour of Lord Shiva
- Dhekuli Dham is another famous attraction, whose water is believed to be holy and is used for the worship of Lord Shiva

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Other Attractions

Lying on the left side of the famous Mahabodhi Temple, the Bodhi Tree is considered to be a Central Symbol In Buddhism. Also known as the Bo tree, the Bodhi tree is the sacred tree under which Lord Gautama Buddha attained enlightenment. Before attaining enlightenment, Buddha meditated under this tree for more than a month.

The Bodhi Tree present here today is believed to be the fifth succession of the original tree. The tree is encircled by intricately carved votive stupas, a number of Buddha statues, and chaityas. On your visit to this place, you can find many Buddhist monks sitting under the Bodhi tree, meditating or reading.

Timings:
 5 AM to 9 PM

Location: 
The Bodhi Tree lies to the left of the Mahabodhi Tree. The sacred Bodhi tree is located within the premises of the temple and is a part of the temple complex.

Historical Facts:
- The current Bodhi Tree stands at the same site where the original Bodhi tree, under which Buddha attained nirvana, once stood.
- Sidhartha meditated under the holy Fig tree for more than a month before finally attaining moksha.
- December 8 marks the enlightenment of Buddha under the Bodhi tree and is celebrated annually across the globe as Bodhi Day.

Facts:
- As per popular beliefs, Sanghamitra, the daughter of Emperor Ashoka carried a branch of the original Bodhi tree in Bodh Gaya to Sri Lanka and planted the same in Anuradhapura city.
- That Bodhi Tree in Sri Lanka is still alive and is considered to be the oldest documented tree on the earth.
- The present Bodhi Tree in Bodh Gaya has grown from a sapling carried here from the Bodhi tree in Sri Lanka.

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Image Credit : helms_king / Shutterstock.com

The Takht Sri Patna Sahib is a gorgeous, sprawling gurudwara, built on the banks of the Ganges in honour of Shri Guru Gobind Singh. The gurdwara was built in the 18th century by Maharaja Ranjit Singh as a symbol of respect and devotion to his guru. This majestic shrine with its striking white façade is one of the holiest and most sacred places to visit in Bihar.

It is built in typical Sikh style, with intricate architecture, lots of open spaces, laced windows and arches and much more. Of the five takhts of Sikhism, The Takht Sri Patna Sahib is believed to be the second Takht. The Prakash Parv festival is celebrated with fervour every year and is attended by devotees from all over the country.

Location:
 Takhat Sri Harmandir ji, Patna Sahib, Patna, Bihar 800008

Timings:
Monday to Sunday (5:00 a.m. – 9:00 p.m.)

Historical Facts:
- The gurdwara was constructed by Maharaja Ranjit Singh
- The purpose of the Gurudwara was to commemorate the birthplace of Guru Gobind Singh
- Guru Gobind Singh was the Tenth Sikh Guru, born in December 1666.
- The construction of the gurdwara was completed in the 18th century
- The gurdwara is also known as Harmandir Sahib
- Thousands of Sikhs visit the place every year to pay their respects
- The Gurudwara is built on the banks of the Ganges
- It is made entirely out of white stone, and its striking white façade makes it a beautiful architectural marvel as well
- The Prakash Parv festival is celebrated with great ceremony at the gurudwara every year

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The Mahabodhi Temple in Bodh Gaya is perhaps the most important Buddhist temple in the world. It is built on the exact spot where it is believed that Gautama meditated and attained moksha and became the Buddha. The magnificent temple has been constructed to honour this moment in history, while keeping a Bodhi tree under which the Buddha sat, intact beside the temple.

The Mahabodhi Temple is 55 metres high and is built over an area of 4.8 hectares. The original version of this temple was built by King Ashoka, which has since been replaced with a bigger, more intricate structure. You can see a beautiful golden statue of the Buddha inside, made entirely of black stone.

Location:
Bodh Gaya, Bihar 824231

Timings:
Monday to Sunday (5:00 a.m. – 9:00 p.m.)

Historical Facts:
- There is a sacred Bodhi tree onsite, which is a descendent of the same tree under which the Buddha sat and attained enlightenment
- The Mahabodhi Tree has been an important pilgrimage site for Buddhists and Hindus for over 2,000 years
- The original temple was built by King Ashoka in 260 BCE
- Today, the temple is a UNESCO World Heritage Site

Architecture:
- The oldest elements of the Mahabodhi Temple made by King Ashoka can now be seen in a museum
- There is an intricately carved stone railing that surrounds the temple complex
- The temple is constructed out of bricks that are covered with stucco
- The temple is 55 metres high and occupies an area of 4.8 hectares

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One of the most exciting architectural marvels coming up in Bihar is the Glass-Floor Bridge, a massive skywalk whose specialty is its transparent floor. The bridge is supposed to be around 85 feet in length and 6 feet wide. The bridge is being constructed in the midst of five picturesque hills in the Rajgir area of Bihar.

Up to 40 tourists can be accommodated on the bridge at the same time, who can observe the surrounding natural beauty through the clear glass floor and the surrounding open spaces on the bridge. Once the bridge is open to the public, you can also enjoy other activities such as ziplining, nature park safaris, picnics, and much more in the surroundings of the bridge.

Location: Rajgir, Nalanda District, Bihar 803116, located at a distance of 95 km from Patna

Importance: The Glass Floor Bridge is only the second bridge of its kind in India, the other one being the famous Lakshman Jhula in Rishikesh. Several other attractions including a ropeway, nature safaris, glass cabins, nature reserves, adventure activities, and parks are also going to be on offer

Architecture:

The length of the Glass Floor Bridge is set to be around 85 feet, and 6 feet in width.

- The bridge is being built at a height of 400 feet above the ground and can accommodate up to 40 people at a time.

- It is being built by the Bihar Government, in a bid to promote tourism in the state.

- The bridge is surrounded by 5 towering hills in Rajgir.

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Stemming from the center of a lush green garden, Golghar's stupa-shaped structure is an enticing sight to behold. It is surrounded by a flight of 145 stairs that take you up to the top, from where you can see a view of the whole city. A serene feeling includes the gentle wind sweeping over the zenith as you glimpse the sight of the ancient city that lies ahead of you.

Besides that, you can also plan for a picnic in the garden, which lies in this attraction. In an attempt to increase the influx of tourists to Golghar, a sound and light show was introduced here too. Visit this place with friends and relatives for a day out.

Location: Opp.-Govt. Girls High school, Ashok Rajpath Rd, Patna, Bihar. 
Golghar is located west of the Gandhi Maidan.

Historical Facts: The Golghar was intended to be one of the first “stores” for grain storage Ordered by Warren Hastings in 1784, the beehive-shaped structure was designed by Captain John Garstin of the Bengal Engineers and was fully constructed on 20th of July 1786.

Architecture:
-The construction has a height of 29 metres that exhibits the brilliance of Stupa Architecture.
-The Golghar is one of those constructions which does not have any pillar and is sustained only by a wall of thickness 3.6m. 
-Having around 145 stairs, the stairs of Golghar are made in a spiral manner, thus giving a proper authentic feel. 

Climatic conditions: The area around Golghar has subtropical climatic conditions

What special it has: When visiting Golghar, make sure that you climb to its top and catch the wonderful panoramic view of the city and the majestic river Ganga.

Best time to visit: Winters, between November to April.
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As its name suggests, the majestic Vishnupad Temple is dedicated to the Hindu god Lord Vishnu and houses a 40 cm long footprint of the Lord, which is sheltered by a silver plated basin. This footprint signifies the act of the Lord subduing Gayasur into the surface of the earth by placing his feet on his chest.

Inside the Vishnu Temple, you can also find several other shrines, dedicated to Lord Phalgwisvara and Lord Narasimha. Built back in 1787, Vishnupad Temple is one of the most important places of worship for the Hindus in Gaya and one of the many famous places to visit in Bihar.

Timings:
6.30 AM to 7.30 PM

Location:
Vishnupad Temple is located on the banks of the Phalgu river in Gaya, Bihar.

Historical Facts:
- The Vishnupad Temple has a footprint of Lord Vishnu incised into a basalt block and known as Dharmasila.
- The date of the original construction of the temple is not yet known. According to popular mythological beliefs Lord Rama had visited this place with Mata Sita.
- The present shrine was remodelled in 1787 by the ruler of Indore, Devi Ahilya Bai Holkar.
- For the construction of the temple, Ahilya Bai Holkar had sent her officers to fetch the best stone of the region and they returned with Munger Black Stone.
- As there wasn’t any good road and the mountains were located far away from Gaya, the officers of Ahilya Bai Holkar found another mountain near the village of Bathani to carve and easily get the stones to Gaya.
- Highly skilled craftsmen were brought from Rajasthan to build the Vishnupad Temple, keeping the footprint of Lord Vishnu in the centre.

Architecture:
- The 30 meters high Vishnupad Temple features 8 rows of carved pillars that support the pavilion.
- This east-facing octagonal temple is made of huge blocks of grey granite attached together by iron clamps.
- The 100 meters tall pyramidal tower features sloping sides with alternately plain and indented sections that are set in such a way that they make for an array of peaks joined at the top.

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Located in Pawapuri, the Jalmandir is dedicated to Lord Mahavira, the 24th Tirthankara, and is a very important pilgrimage destination for the Jains. This place is the same site where Lord Mahavira was cremated after he attained moksha in 527 BC.

Standing true to its name, Jal Mandir is completely surrounded by water on all four sides and is considered to be one of the best places to visit in Bihar. The temple is built in the form of a chariot with white marbles and has a footprint of Lord Mahavira. The temple is connected to the bank by a long bridge, through which it can be accessed.

Timings:
6 AM to 12 PM & 3 PM to 9 PM

Location:
Pawapuri.JAL.mandir, more, rod, Pavapuri, Bihar 803115

Historical Facts:
- Jal Mandir was constructed originally by the elder brother of Lord Mahavira, King Nandivardhan amidst the pond filled with Lotus flowers.
- Jal Mandir is one of the 5 temples in Pawapuri, where the footprint of Lord Mahavira is deified.
- Lord Mahavira was originally a prince of the Magadha Kingdom, which was then known as “Pawapuri” or “Madhyama Pawa”. At the age of 30, he became an ascetic.
- During Chaturmas and between the months of Āṣārh (22 June To 22 July) and Kartik (October/November), the Jain nuns and monks stay at one sacred place and preach the teachings of the religion to the local people.

Architecture:
- Translating to "Temple In Water" in English, Jal Mandir is made of white marble and set within a water tank, which measures around 84 Bigha.
- The water surrounding the temple is covered with beautiful lotuses with the chariot-shaped temple sitting in the middle. The water is home to many fish that are fed by the devotees and priests of the temple.
- The temple is connected to the bank of the water tank by a 600 feet long stone bridge.
- During moonlit nights, Jal Mandir shines brightly offering a breathtaking sight to behold.

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Located in the block of Thakurganj, in the Kishanganj district of Bihar, the Hargauri Temple gets its name from Lord Mahadev and Goddess Parvati, a co-joined statue of which has been safely sitting in the temple for many years.

Considered to be of immense religious significance, the temple is frequented by devotees far and wide to perform Jalabhishek, rudrabhishek and other rituals for seeking their holy blessings. People from all over Bihar and nearby states come to the Hargauri Temple every year during Shivratri to offer holy water and seek blessings from the Shivling here. 

Time:
 06:00 a.m. to 06:00 p.m. 

Location: 
The Hargauri Temple is located in the Thakurganj Block of Kishanganj, around 405 kilometres from Patna

Historical Facts:
-The temple is believed to be at least 100 years old.
-The Hargauri Temple celebrated its Golden Jubilee in 2000.
-Legends suggest that the zamindar of Tagore Estate found the statues of Lord Mahadev and Goddess Parvati joined together in one stone, and thus built this temple.
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Established back in 1957 by the combined effort of Buddhist monks and the government of Thailand, the magnificent Thai Monastery aims at preaching the philosophies of Buddhism. The architecture of the monastery and the customs and rituals practiced here offer a deep insight of the rich Thai culture.

The temple flaunts a curved sloping roof adorned with stunning golden tiles. The Thai Monastery is also home to a 25 meters tall intricately carved bronze statue of Lord Buddha, which rests in the garden of the temple. You can also see many carved images of Lord Buddha, Buddhist objects, and Buddhist symbols displayed inside the monastery.

Timings:
7 AM to 7 PM

Location:
Near Buddha Statue, Bodh Gaya, India

How old:
The Thai Monastery was constructed in the year 1957 by the government of Thailand and the Indian Buddhist monks to propagate Buddhist philosophies.

Facts:
- The Thai Monastery showcases the rich colours of the Thai tradition and culture with its stunning architecture and important customs and rituals.
- The monks and residents of the monastery also play a key role in propagating the ideologies of Lord Buddha among the masses.

Architecture:
- The Thai Monastery features sloping curved roofs covered with beautiful golden tiles and has a beautiful exterior that should not be missed.
- The temple houses a magnificent carved bronze statue of Lord Buddha on its premises.
- The temple oozes out a serene and silent atmosphere, which makes it a must-visit religious destination in Bodh Gaya.
- Inside the temple, you can find a number of carved images depicting the life of Lord Buddha.
- Many significant Buddhist symbols and sacred Buddhist objects are showcased inside the monastic temples.

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As its name suggests, Kesariya Stupa is a majestic Buddhist Stupa lying in Kesariya in the Champaran district of Bihar. Constructed under the commands of emperor Ashoka, Kesaria Stupa happens to be the biggest and tallest Buddhist stupa in the whole world.

The stupa is built at the same site, where Lord Buddha donated his begging bow during his last days. Adorned with a myriad of impressive Buddhist statues, this stupa is a brilliant epitome of traditional Buddist architecture. Certain parts of this stupa are in their ruins as a result of the invasion made by Muslim rulers in the times gone by.

Timings: 
5 AM to 6 PM

Location: 
Kesariya Road, Tajpur Deur, Champaran District, Bihar 845424

How old: 
The initial construction of the Kesaria Stupa began in the 3rd century BCE.

Architecture: 
The gigantic Kesariya Stupa has a height of around 104 feet with a circumference of about 400 feet.

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Image Credit : wikimedia.org

The Bihar Museum is a popular attraction in Patna that gives visitors an insight into Bihar's past while instilling pride and reverence in the hearts of  Young visitors. Further, this museum has been a  recent addition to the list of attractions. Meanwhile, the century-old Patna Museum ran out of space, and thus, this was one of the key reasons to build the museum and to display the artifacts. Hence, the Bihar Museum is where tourists should visit to find information about Bihar's past.

Historical Facts: 
-The children's museum', the main entrance area, and an orientation theatre were the only parts opened to the public in August 2015
-Various displays here are so old, that they date back to the fourth century.
-The Museum was fully opened in 2017.

Architecture:
-The Bihar Museum covers an area of 25000 sq. metres.
-The museum is a six storey building, where each floor has something different to offer.
-Its architecture consists of four exhibition galleries, a lobby, an administration gallery and a permanent gallery. 

Location: Jawaharlal Nehru Marg, Bailey Rd, Patna, Bihar 800001.

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Image Credit : Rupesh Kumar Photography / Shutterstock.com

This fascinating museum in Patna dates back to 1917 when it was constructed. It is home to over 50,000 artefacts that brilliantly showcase the colourful, diverse and ancient history of Bihar and its surroundings. The museum building itself is a wonderful specimen of the Mughal and Rajput style of architecture.

One of the most exciting exhibits at the museum is the Holy Relic Casket which contains the ashes of the Buddha. There are also several terracotta sculptures, ancient paintings, coins and other relics that date back to as far as the Middle Ages. You can explore several galleries that display the remains found from nearby excavation sites. These remains are a testament to the rich and fascinating history of India and its olden residents.

Location: 
Buddh Marg Lodipur Patna Bihar-800001.

Timings: Tuesday to Sunday (10:00 a.m. – 5:00 p.m.)

Historical Facts:
- The purpose of the museum was to house the many relics and artifacts that were being excavated in the vicinity of Patna by the British.
- The museum was constructed after the partition of Bihar and Bengal.
- It was created with the express purpose of helping the British conserve their resources and showcase their discoveries.
- The construction and curation of the museum was completed in 1982.
- It was the first museum of its kind in the Bihar and Orissa Province.
- It was inaugurated by the then Governor of Bihar and Orissa.

Items:
- Archaeological objects excavated from nearby sites
-Coins from ancient kingdoms
- Paintings and other works of art
- Ancient instruments
- Hand-woven and hand-painted textiles
- Thankas
- Bronze sculptures
- The ashes of the Buddha
- Terracotta figurines and structures

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Established back in 1972 with funds from the Japanese government, the Indosan Nippon Japanese Temple offers the perfect amalgamation of Japanese architecture and Buddhist culture. Carved out entirely of wood, the temple resembles a typical Japanese shrine.

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The Royal Bhutan Monastery gets its name from the fact that it was constructed by the King of Bhutan with the purpose of paying homage to Lord Gautama Buddha. Stunning clay carvings can be found on the interior walls of the monastery, showcasing various facets of Buddhist culture.

The monastery is home to a gigantic 7 feet statue of Lord Gautama Buddha, which is carved amazingly with Buddhist sculptures. There is also a temple and a guesthouse on the premises of the Royal Bhutan Monastery, therefore making it one of the must visit places in Bihar.

Timings: 7 AM to 12 PM & 2 PM to 5 PM

Location: The Royal Bhutan Monastery is a stunning Buddhist monastery and temple located in Bodh Gaya in Bihar. Lying beside Wat Thai Bodh Gaya, this monastery is situated at an approximate distance of one kilometer from Bodh Gaya Bus Station and 500 meters from Giant Buddha Statue.

Historical Facts:
-Constructed under the orders of the King of Bhutan, The Royal Bhutan Monastery pays a tribute to Lord Gautam Buddha and makes for one of the most impressive Buddhist monasteries in Bodh Gaya.
-The monastery features beautiful clay carvings that depict various important events from the life of Lord Buddha.
-The monastery offers a calm and peaceful atmosphere, where devotees can learn and practice Buddhism.

Architecture:
-Flaunting traditional Bhutanese architecture, the Royal Bhutan Monastery houses a rest house for the monks and a beautiful temple.
-The temple inside the Royal Bhutan Monastery is home to a 7 feet tall statue of Lord Buddha that is carved with Buddhist scriptures and symbols.
-The monastery features a guesthouse having a total of 15 rooms.
-Devotees do not have to pay anything for staying in the guesthouse. However, they may donate some amount for the expenditure and maintenance of the monastery.
-The monastery hosts several events including peace prayers and guided individual and group meditation.
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Also referred to as Tutrahi and Tutla Dham, the postcard-perfect Tutla Bhawani Waterfall lies in the Rohtas district of Bihar. The waterfall is surrounded by two gigantic mountains, which converge to form a spectacular vedant valley.

There is also a charming waterfall in the middle with the serene Kachuar river flowing amidst the valley. All the magical splendors of nature put in a place creates a fascinating scenery to soak in.

Timings: 7 AM to 5 PM

Location: Tutla Bhawani Waterfall is situated around 20 kilometers southwest of Dehri-on-sone. There are two majestic mountains one on south-east and the other on north-west, which converge and form a lush valley that extends to a mile. 

Historical Facts: One of the most exquisite attractions in Rohtas, the picturesque Tutla Bhawani Waterfall is named after Maa Tutla Bhawani Temple and is encompassed by two mesmerizing mountain ranges.
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Said to be the oldest university in the world, Nalanda University is amongst the earliest pioneers of learning. In addition to being a UNESCO World Heritage Site, the university has origins that date back to as early as the 3rd century, and the entire structure spreads across 14 hectares of land.

It has been referenced in some of the oldest epics of India as well as in the travelogues of Hiuen Tsang. Designated as an “Institution of National Importance,” Nalanda University also boasts of one of the best architectures in the world, and is a famous attraction for tourists visiting the region. 

Timings: 09:00 a.m. to 05:00 p.m. 

Location: Nalanda University is located in the town of Rajgir, around 93.3 kilometers from Patna. 

Historical Facts:
-Nalanda University was founded during the Gupta Dynasty.
-It was patronized by several rulers, including King Harshavardhana of Kannauj during the 7th century and the Pala rulers between the 8th and 12th centuries.
-The university taught students the Great Wheel, Vedas, Literature, Mathematics, Medicine as well as all the eighteen sects of Buddhism.
-The university was attacked thrice by invaders, including Bhaktiyar Khilji, the Huns as well as the Goudas.
-In the bygone times, the university was the only international university in the world and was home to uncountable books and manuscripts; which is why it kept on burning for six months after the structure caught fire.

Facts:
-Nalanda University is said to be the ancient seat of learning.
-The University was reopened after 800 years in September 2014.
-It aims to exchange ideas through education and shared heritage.
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Situated on Kaimur Hill, the Manjhar Kund and Dhuan Kund waterfalls are some of the most beautiful and verdant natural attractions in the region. The Manjhar Kund is also the site of the traditional fair that is held on the first Sunday after the festival of Raksha Bandhan is celebrated here every year.

Furthermore, the water of the Dhuan Kund Waterfall also helps to generate electricity in the region. In addition to holding religious significance, both the waterfalls are also great to enjoy fun-filled picnics and other activities. The waterfalls also offer scenic views of the surrounding hills and jungle canopy, and are perfect to spend a getaway at, away from the busy city streets of Rohtas. 

Location: Manjhar Dhuan Kund Waterfall is located in Sasaram, in the Rohtas district in Bihar, around 158.3 kilometres from Patna.
Best Time To Visit: It is the most beautiful spot and scenic place in Sawan. There is a tradition of fair on the first sunday after the Raksha Bandhan festival.

Historical Facts:
-Manjhar Kund is said to be the place where the people of the Sikh community used to carry the Guru Granth Sahib and stay for three days
-The water of the kund is considered to be rich in natural minerals and helps to digest food.
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Located in the Karkatgarh Village in the Kaimur district of Bihar, the Karkat Waterfall used to be a natural habitat for crocodiles. The Karkat Waterfall was considered to be the finest waterfall by the British officer Henry Ramsay, as it is not only pristine, but is also surrounded by verdant landscapes.

Now a part of the Kaimur Wildlife Sanctuary, the waterfall also serves as a crocodile conservation reserve and eco-tourism spot. You can visit the Karkat Waterfall throughout the year.

Location:
The Karkat Waterfall is located near the Kaimur Hills in Bihar, around 110 kilometres from Patna  

Historical Facts:
-The waterfall used to serve as a crocodile hunting place for Mughal rulers and British officials
-British officials also constructed a majestic dak bungalow nearby, which offers stunning views of the pristine waterfall

Facts:
-The waterfall is part of the Kaimur Wildlife Sanctuary, which is one of the largest sanctuaries in Bihar
-The waterfall serves as a drinking spot to a wide array of animals, including nilgai, the four-horned antelope, sambar deer, chital, sloth bear, Indian boar, leopards as well as Bengal tigers
-The waterfall is also a great place for birdwatching, where you can catch sights of birds like the greater spotted eagle, kingfisher, nightjar, wood pigeon, grey partridge, grey-headed fish eagle, owls and others
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Cascading to the ground from a height of 160 feet, the Kakolat Waterfalls is one of the most picturesque places to visit in Bihar. It provides an excellent respite from the heat because the water of this waterfall remains cool and pleasant throughout the year.

Several tourists flock to the area for a relaxing swim in the pool below. The greenery surrounding the waterfall also provides ample shade for picnics and relaxing nature walks. The Kakolat Waterfall also has a spiritual significance, since it is believed that Lord Krishna used to frequent this place for baths. Hence, several devotees flock to this place for a holy dip in the pool as well.

Location:
Kakolat, Nawada district, Bihar, India

Timings:
Monday to Sunday (8:00 a.m. – 5:00 p.m.)

Historical Facts:
- Legends says that during the Treta Yuga Epoch, a King was entrapped in Kakolat due to a curse
- The curse was put upon him by a Rishi, who forced him to take the shape of a snake
- The King only got Salvation when the Pandavas visited Kakolat during their exile
- After he was free of the curse, the King proclaimed that anyone who would bathe in the water of these falls, would be free from the Yoni of the snake
- This legend is the reason several Hindus flock to the falls to take a dip
- It is also believed that Lord Krishna used to bathe in these falls

Festival: 
- During Chaitra Sankranti or Baisakhi, a massive festival is held in Kakolat
- It was believed that Lord Krishna used to come to this place with his queens for a bath. 
- Devotees from all over the country visit this waterfall during the Baisakhi period

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The Valmiki National Park, Tiger Reserve, and Wildlife Sanctuary is home to the largest stretch of grassland in the country.  The Park is located in the West Champaran District in Bihar that straddles the India-Nepal border in North-East India. The National Park is located on the banks of the picturesque River Gandak.

The Valmiki National Park is the only National Park in Bihar, but one of the most famous national parks in the country, home to a massive population of animals, birds, plants, and reptiles. You can discover 7 different types of landscapes in this National Park, including dense forests, swampland, rivers, valleys, and much more. It has thrived and existed since its establishment in 1990.

Location:
Bettiah, Bihar 84510 

Area Covered:
880 sq. km

Present Wildlife found:
- The Valmiki National Park is home to one of the largest populations of tigers in the country.
- Some of the other animals that have found shelter in this park include deer, wild cats, monkeys, flying fox bats, one-horned rhinos, hyenas, clouded leopards, sambhars and much more.
- There are several watchtowers placed strategically throughout the natural reserve to let you observe these beautiful animals in their natural habitat.
- Another exciting way to interact with the thriving wildlife at the Valmiki National Park is by signing up for an open-air jeep safari.
- A guide can take you into the right areas to show you some of the most beautiful animals that have made the park their home.

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These stunning historical caves are some of the oldest manmade relics in Bihar, dating back to the 3rd century BCE. Most caves at Barabar consist of two chambers, carved entirely out of granite, with a highly polished internal surface, the "Mauryan polish" also found on sculptures, and exciting echo effects. Barabar Caves consist of a group of four different caves namely, Lomas Rishi, Visvakarma, Karan Chaupar and Sudama.

It is believed that King Ashoka commissioned the construction of these caves when he was erecting monuments all over his kingdom to spread the knowledge of Buddhism. Today, you can explore the beautiful internal chambers, check out some ancient Hindu and Jain sculptures and marvel at the architectural genius that went behind constructing these caves.

Location:
Barabar Hill Road, Barabar, Sultanpur, Bihar 804405

Timings:
Monday to Sunday (6:00 a.m. – 6:00 p.m.)

Historical Facts:
- These man-made caves are some of the most intriguing tourist attractions in Bihar.
- They were believed to have been commissioned by King Ashoka in the 3rd century AD.
- The Barabar caves are believed to be the last remaining relic from the Lost Ajivika Sect.
- The Ajivika Sect of people competed with the influence of Buddhism and Jainism in India in terms of religion and spirituality.
- Eventually, however, the Ajivika Sect died out by the 5th century AD.
- The Barabar Caves are the only remaining specimen of Ajivika history and culture.

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The Kanwar Bird Sanctuary is one of the most beautiful tourist places in Bihar, home to the largest freshwater oxbow lake in all of Asia. The Park was established in 1987, to protect the local wildlife and ecosystems and covers an area of 63.11 sq. km. More than 100 species of migratory birds, as well as indigenous specimens, have made their home in this sprawling sanctuary.

Some of the most beautiful birds that you can spot here include the Purple Rumped Sunbird, the Red Wattled Lapwing, the Crested Serpent Eagle, the Spotted Owlet, Magpie Robins, sparrows, kites, vultures and much more. You can also find several small animals like squirrels, foxes, langurs and more on the premises of the park. It is the most ideal place for nature-lovers, birdwatchers and avid photographers.

Location:
Kanwar Taal, 22 km Northwest of Begusarai district, Bihar 848202, India

Timings:
Monday to Sunday (7:00 a.m. – 6:00 p.m.)

Area Covered:
67.5 sq. km

Discovered Wildlife:
- The Sanctuary provides shelter to more than 59 species of migratory birds
- There are 106 species of residential birds here as well
- The lake contains 31 different species of fish
- Some of the animals found here include jackals, rhesus, bats, squirrels, langurs and Indian foxes.
- Migratory birds in the region include the bar-headed goose, grey heron, common Pochard, Cattle Egret Water Cocks, crested crabs, green and sandpipers, the Brahminy Duck, falcons, snips, coots and much more.

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This one-of-a-kind sanctuary was established in 1991 with the aim of protecting the endangered Gangetic dolphins. The Vikramshila Gangetic Dolphin Sanctuary is spread over 50-60 km in the middle of the Ganges, with its borders ranging from Sultanganj to Kahalgaon Hill.

Apart from dolphins, the sanctuary also works to protect other endangered species including flap shell turtles, tent turtles, catfish, anchovies, the roofed turtles, croakers and much more. These are among a total of 135 species that are protected by the sanctuary. You can catch sight of the beautiful dolphins and other fishes and animals when you visit this remarkable sanctuary. The best time to visit is between the months of June and October when rainfall is minimum in the area.

Location:
The Sanctuary covers an area of approximately 50 km, between Sultanganj to the Kahalgaon Hill in the middle of the Ganges, in the Bhagalpur District of Bihar

Timings:
Open 24 hours

Area covered:
50 km stretch along the Ganga

Wildlife Found:
- Dolphins are the most common species found in this protected stretch
- You can also find fishes such as catfish, gharials, anchovies, and much more
- Turtles such as the Indian Roofed Turtle, flap shell turtles and tent turtles are also protected by the sanctuary
- Some other endangered animals that are found here include the crustaceans, several freshwater turtles, the Smooth-coated otter and helicopter catfish

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The Hieun Tsang Memorial Hall of Kundalpur is a memorial that was constructed to honour the Chinese scholar monk and traveller Hieun Tsang, who used to be a student at Nalanda University and eventually went on to become a teacher at the Nalanda Mahavihara.

Located near the ruins of the ancient Nalanda University on the banks of the Surajpur Lake, this memorial hall is one of the most famous places to see in Bihar. The memorial hall has been built on the same place where the monk used to learn yoga from his teacher. 

Time: 08:00 a.m. to 05:00 p.m. 

Location: The Hieun Tsang Memorial Hall is located in Kundalpur, on the Nalanda University Site Road, around 81.8 kilometres from Patna

Historical Facts:
-The construction for the memorial hall began in the year 1960 and was completed in 1984.
-The memorial hall was constructed as an initiative, with the aim to enhance Indo-China cultural relationship.
-The decision to construct a hall began in January 1957, when the then PM of India received Xuan Zang’s relics, biography and an endowment for the same from the Dalai Lama and the Panchen Lama of Tibet.

Architecture:
-The memorial hall is built in a style similar to that of the ancient Nalanda University.
-Boasting of a typical Chinese style of architecture, the memorial is a great place to learn about the life of the Chinese monk.
-Some of the exhibits inside the memorial also include sandalwood and golden idols of Lord Buddha, along with Xuan Zang’s compositions and studies about Buddhism in India and China.
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The Sher Shah Suri Tomb in the Sasaram area of Bihar is considered one of the most impressive tombs in India. It is known as the second “Taj Mahal of India'' and is a sprawling mausoleum dedicated to the late emperor Sher Shah Suri.

The construction of the mausoleum was completed between the years 1540 and 1545 and the entire structure has been beautifully preserved to date. It is a beautiful specimen of the Indo-Islamic style of architecture that is made with red stone with intricate carvings on its façade. The tomb is 122 feet in height and consists of beautiful domes, arches, pillars, minarets, chhatris and much more.

Timings:
Monday to Sunday (6:00 a.m. – 6:00 p.m.)

Location:
JP Nagar, Laxkariganj, Sasaram, Bihar 821115

Historical Facts: 
The Sher Shah Suri Tomb is one of the best examples of the Indo-Islamic style of architecture that was popularized by the Mughals. The tomb was built in honour of Emperor Sher Shah Suri and houses his tomb in its chambers.

Architecture: 
The Sher Shah Suri Tomb in Sarasaram was built as a mausoleum for Sher Shah Suri. It is one of the best examples of intricate Indo-Islamic architecture and is often compared to the majestic Taj Mahal. The mausoleum is defined by its intricate inlay work on its outer walls and inner chambers. You can also witness the grandeur of the arches, the corridors, domes, minarets and laced windows. The entire structure is made with red stone, which makes it even more majestic in its appearance.

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The Sonepur fair in Bihar, which takes place every year, is a bustling rural fair that combines spirituality, sensuality, animal trading, and amusement. It is known as the cattle fair in the past (said to be the largest in Asia). Thousands of people attend the event from all around the country. 

Street magicians, religious gurus and tantriks, pilgrims, snack stalls, handicrafts, rides, circus performances, martial artists, and dancing girls all contribute to the carnival's unique atmosphere. The Sonepur fair is now more economically oriented, with the goal of attracting both domestic and international visitors.

About Sonepur:

Located on the banks of the River Gandak and the Ganges, Sonepur is a vibrant city in the Saran District that is also a sub-division in Bihar. Sonepur was once the site for the longest railway platform and is now famous for hosting Asia’s largest Cattle Fair every year.

What is otherwise one of the most peaceful and serene tourist places in Bihar comes alive every year during Kartik Poornima when people from all over the country travel to Sonepur to trade cattle. You can also find several ancient temples, beautiful local markets, picturesque riverside spots, and much more when you are visiting the quaint town of Sonepur.

Location:
 Sonepur, Saran District, Bihar 841101 (25.7 km from Patna via the Digha-Pahleja J P Setu Road.)

Historical Facts:
- Sonepur is one of the oldest cities in India that used to be ruled by the Suryavanshi Bais Kshatriya Kings from the Vardhan Dynasty.
- In fact, the kings of Sonepur were known to be some of the proudest rulers, often resisting Mughal domination through many successful battles.
- One of the most famous relics from the Sonepur area is the throne of the kings, which was made with 1000 kgs of gold and precious stones worth over 400 kgs.
- This throne, known as the “Keshashwa Gajasan”, was stolen after the Mughals attacked Sonepur with the help of the British.
- The throne was carried off into the jungle from where it disappeared.
- It is one of the most famous artifacts to have belonged to and disappeared from Sonepur.
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Women in Mithila have practised Madhubani Painting for centuries to beautify their huts from the exterior as well as the inside for social and religious occasions. With the passage of time, it has progressed from a folk culture tradition to a popular form of Indian art. Madhubani art has spread to different mediums such as paper, cloth, and other surfaces. Northern Bihar is where the style began.

Madhubani, also known as Mithila Painting, is a significant aspect of Bihar's culture. Fingers, twigs, brushes, nib-pens, and matchsticks are used to create this age-old art, which is characterised by eye-catching geometrical designs and natural dyes and pigments. Because these paintings are usually created by Bihar women, they are extremely valuable.

About Madhubani:
Madhubani is one of the oldest cities in Bihar, and the birthplace of the famous Madhubani form of art. It is also home to ancient temples that have immense spiritual significance to Hindus, as well as for those who are interested in history.

Madhubani is also known as the commercial hotspot for the entire Madhubani district, with tourists flocking the city for its beautiful artwork, thriving markets, temples and vibrant local culture. It is also located very close to the Nepal border in the north, and to the south of Madhubani, you will find the rest of the Darbhanga district.

Location:
Madhubani District, Darbhanga Division, Bihar 847211 (172.9 km from Patna via the Patna-Sitamarhi Road and NH 27)

Historical Facts:

- In 1972, Madhubani split from the rest of the Darbhanga District.
- After 1972, Madhubani became an independent district.
- Balirajgarh is an archaeological site that is believed to have been the capital city of the ancient and thriving Mithila Kingdom.

Culture:
- Madhubani is famous for Madhubani art such as the beautiful Mithila paintings.
- Mithila paintings were created by women who belonged to various communities in Nepal and India.
- However, the paintings originated in the Madhubani region, which is why they are known as Madhubani art.
- It is one of the most lucrative sources of income for the locals and a great economic resource.
- Even though this style of painting started out as wall art in the localities where the artists lived, they are now rendered on paper and exported all over the world.

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The Navlakha Palace, also known as Rajnagar Palace, is an architectural marvel that can be found on the eastern banks of the Kamla River, in Rajnagar in Bihar. The 260-year-old palace was constructed by the Maharaja Rameshwar Singh and is an example of ancient architecture and engineering.

What makes this a remarkable historical site is a beautiful structure, the well-maintained rooms, the intricate carving work and the fact that it is home to the oldest Mithila painting. The portico of the palace surrounds a courtyard. There are 4 arches that are perched on hand-carved stone elephants. There are also several museums on the property, including a tea museum, a toy museum, a museum dedicated to horse carriages and a doll museum.

Location:
Navlakha Palace Campus, Rajnagar, Bihar 847236

Timings:
Monday to Sunday (9:00 a.m. – 7:00 p.m.)

Historical Facts:
- This 19th-century palace was built by Maharaja Rameshwar Singh
- It was a seat of luxury, with fountains, gardens, ponds and intricate temples
- The palace was almost destroyed in 1934 as a result of an earthquake in the region
- Despite no further renovations, the palace is an example of ancient Indian architecture
- The palace complex covers an area of over 1,500 acres
- It consists of 11 temples dedicated to various Gods and Goddesses worshipped by Maharajas
- One of the most distinctive features of the temple are the hand-carved elephants which support 4 magnificent arches
- The palace also houses the oldest Mithila painting ever made, which was commissioned in 1919 on the occasion of the marriage ceremony of the Maharaja’s daughter

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One of the most fascinating places to visit in Bihar is the Hot Springs in Rajgir, found at the foothills of the beautiful Vaibhav Hills. The water in these springs is believed to originate from the sacred Saptaparni Caves.

From here, seven streams of water feed the hot springs in Rajgir, which is also one of the hottest natural springs in the area, with the temperature of the water going up to 45 degrees Celsius. The spring is considered sacred and holy by Hindus, Jains and Buddhists alike. The water is believed to have medicinal properties that can heal chronic skin problems.

Location:
The Hot Springs can be found in the Foothills of the Vaibhav Hills in Rajgir, Bihar (92.4 km from Patna via SH 78)

Timings:
Monday to Sunday (6:00 a.m. – 6:00 p.m.)

Facts:
- Geothermal springs, commonly known as hot springs, are created due to the heating up of groundwater by the core of the earth, that emerge from the ground in a vertical jet.
- The water of the hot springs is heated by the magma in the earth’s layers.
- When there is a crack or breach in the layers of the earth, the heat of the magma is distributed to the other layers.
- The thermal heat then reaches the groundwater, which due to the increased temperature, loses its density.
- As it gets lighter it rises to the surface of the earth.
- If there is a fault (crack or opening) on the surface, the hot water streams out with force, leading to the creation of a hot spring.

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The Saptaparni Caves, also known as the Sapta Parni Guha, is one of the most visited sites in all of Bihar, frequented by tourists, Hindu devotees and Buddhist pilgrims throughout the year. The caves are located on the top of the Vaibhavgiri Hill in Rajgir and are amongst one of the places where the Buddha is said to have meditated.

The name of the cave translates to “the Seven Leaves Cave'' due to its natural shape and structure. The caves have been the site for the earliest known Buddhist council that was formed six months after the death of the Buddha. A committee mandap was also formed by King Ajatshatru that was used by the Buddhist council in these caves.

Location:
The caves can be found located 2 km southwest of Rajgir (Nalanda), Bihar 803116, India.

Timings:
Monday to Sunday (6:00 a.m. – 4:00 p.m.)

Historical Facts:
- The Saptaparni Caves are embedded on the side of the Vaibhavgiri Hills.
- The Buddha is said to have meditated extensively in these caves
- The caves were the site for the first Buddhist Council
- The Council was formed by a few hundred monks, 6 months after the death of the Buddha
- Ananda (the cousin of Buddha) and Upali (a companion of the Buddha) were appointed in this council to disseminate the knowledge of the Buddha

What to Visit:
- Chhatagiri, which used to be known as Gridhrakuta, was one of Buddha’s favorite retreats.
- The Pippala Stone House used to be Buddha’s residence in one of the towers in Vaibharagiri.
- The Sonbhandar Caves were discovered in the 3rd or 4th century AD by Jains.
- The Maniyar Math Site where excavations have revealed shrines dedicated to the snake-God from the Mahabharata – Mani-naga.
- Modern Jain temples can be found in the area.
- Hot springs of Rajgir.

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Lying in the pilgrim town of Maner, Chhoti Dargah happens to be the mausoleum of the muslim saint Makhdum Shah. This gigantic mausoleum is now a very popular dargah for the muslims. The dargah flaunts an impressive Islamic architectural design with a huge dome resting at the top.

Since it is considered sacred to be buried near the tomb of a saint, you can see a number of cloth-covered graves lying near the Chhoti Dargah. There is also an age-old large tank in front of the mausoleum.

Location: Chhoti Dargah Maner Sharif, Makhdoom Shah Daulat, Maner, Bihar

Maner Sharif is a satellite town in Patna Metropolitan Region. It is located around 30 kilometers outside of Patna On NH-30.

Historical Facts:
-The muslim saint Hazrat Makhdum Shah was buried at this place back in 1616.
-This dargah was constructed by Ibrahim Khan in 1619.
-This place is also a religious center for learning. The renowned Sanskrit Grammarian Panini also studied here in the bygone times.
-The Chhoti Dargah is also known as Maner Sharif.

Architecture:
-The Chhoti Dargah is a stunning 3-storied mausoleum building.
-The walls of the mausoleum are adorned beautifully with intricate designs.
-The ceiling of the mausoleum showcases beautiful inscriptions of holy passages from the Quran.
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Also known as Vulture Peak, the Griddhakuta Peak is one of the most important pilgrimage sites for Buddhists. It is also among the important places to see in Bihar where Lord Buddha is said to have preached for several years.

Furthermore, it also offers stunning 360-degree views of the entire region, and is a great place to indulge in hiking and nature trails. The peak gets its name as the Vulture Peak owing to its shape that resembles a perched eagle, and has also been mentioned in the Pali Buddhist scriptures. The best time to visit the Griddhakuta Peak is between October to March, during the cool winter season in the region. 

Location: The Griddhakuta Peak is located on a small hill outside of Rajgir, almost 95 kilometres from Patna.

Historical Facts:
-Lord Buddha is believed to have lived on the hill for many years while he was preaching the Lotus, Heart and Prajnaparamita Sutras
-It is considered to be the second most holy place of Buddhism after the Maha Bodhi Temple of Bodh Gaya in Bihar

Facts:
-The peak is one of the most favourable spots for indulging in hiking, picnics as well as pilgrimage for both locals and Buddhists
-The Griddhakuta Peak is situated at an elevation of 400 metres above the sea level
-The peak also offers views of the ruins of the ancient stupas located nearby
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Also known as Mahakala Caves, Dungeshwari Hills is the place where Lord Buddha spent several years in meditation, before he descended to Bodh Gaya in search of enlightenment. The hills are home to numerous ancient caves that were used by Buddha and other saints for shelter as well as meditation.

In addition to offering serene views of the verdant natural landscapes that surround it, the Dungeshwari Hills also offer visitors a chance to explore the age-old stupas and Buddhist shrines that exist here. Dungeshwari Hills also serves as a popular trekking destination in the region, and regularly attracts a large number of adventure enthusiasts to indulge in these activities. 

Time: 10:00 a.m. to 05:00 p.m.

Location: The Dungeshwari Hill Caves are located at Larpur, along the banks of the Phalgu River, around 106.7 kilometres from Patna. 

Historical Facts:
-Dungeshwari Hills consist of three caves, all of which are home to several Buddhist shrines, where Lord Buddha is believed to have meditated
-Legends suggest that it is in these caves where Buddha was doing his self-mortification, and as a result, became frail and starved
-The caves are also sometimes called Sujata Sthan by the locals
-While one cave houses a golden emaciated buddha sculpture, another cave has a large statue of Lord Buddha, which is almost 6 feet high
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Dating back to the year 1963, the Bihar School of Yoga is a modern yoga school founded by Satyananda Saraswati in Bihar in 1963. It has been established with the aim to offer yogic training to females, especially householders and sannyasins.

In addition to learning and practising meditation and yoga, one can also find a well-stocked and huge collection of data, books and scripts on health techniques, meditation, yogic asanas and other similar topics. Built on a large hill at Ganga Darshan, the school offers pristine views of the Uttar-Vahini Ganga, and creates the perfect ambience to relax and meditate. 

Time: 08:30 a.m. to 08:00 p.m. 

Location: The Bihar School of Yoga is located on Ganga Darshan in Munger, around 180 kilometres from Patna

Historical Facts:
-The Bihar School of Yoga is said to be the karma Bhumi of Sri Satyananda Saraswati, who declared the institution as the epicentre of yogic renaissance in the 21st century.
-It was in Munger that Sri Swami Satyananda had the revelation of fulfilling his guru’s mandate.
-Swami Satyananda went on to create a yoga fellowship in Munger, and also devoted himself to the field.

Facts:
-The Akhand Jyoti in Bihar School of Yoga in Munger, which was lit over fifty years ago, continues to burn bright in the Jyoti Mandir even to this day
-The Bihar School of Yoga celebrated its Golden Jubilee with the World Yoga Convention in 2013
-The school was also selected for the Prime Minister’s Award for Outstanding Contribution for Promotion and Development of Yoga in June 2019
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Constructed back in the year 1874, the magnificent Jain Temple in Lachhuar is believed to be the gateway to Kshatriya Kund Gram, which is considered to be the birthplace of Lord Mahavira. This temple is actually a huge age-old dharmashala (rest house) that was built for the Jain pilgrims.

This dharmashala is home to a total of 65 rooms and a shrine dedicated to Lord Mahavira. The statue of Lord Mahavira present in this temple wesighs about 250 kg and dates back to over 2,600 years.

The temple hosts treks to Kund regularly for the visitors. One your trek in the Lacchuar valley, you can see statues of Lord Mahavira lying between two parallel ranges of hills and dating back to Samvat 1505.

Location:
The Jain Temple is located on the way to kshatriya Kund Gram, in Sikandra block, around 20 kilometers west of Jamui district headquarter.

History:
Dating back to 1874, the Jain Temple in Lachhuar is a sacred place for the Jains as it is considered to be the gateway to Kshatriya Kund Gram, the birthplace of Lord Mahavira. The temple has a rest house of 65 rooms for the Jain pilgrims and a shrine of Lord Mahavira. The idol of the lord present inside the shrine is over 2,600 years old.

Architecture:
Lying on the way to kshatriya Kund Gram, in Sikandra Block, the Jain Temple in Lachhuar is basically an old rest house, featuring a total of 65 rooms where the Jain pilgrims can stay during their visit to this place.

There is also a temple of Lord Mahavira on the premises of the rest house. This temple is home to a 2,600 years old statue of Lord Mahavira, which has a weight of around 250 kg.

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Lying off-road in Rajgir, the Ghora Katora Lake happens to be a picturesque natural lake. Surrounded by majestic hills and lush greens on three sides, this lake is known popularly for its unspoilt natural beauty. The term ‘Ghora Katora’ translates to ‘Horse Bowl’ in english language.

The lake is named so because of its unique shape that resembles a horse’s face. As legend has it, Ghora Katora Lake is situated at the exact site where Jarasandha from Mahabharata once had his stable.

Known as one of Rajgir’s cleanest sightseeing destinations, this lake flaunts azure blue water and immaculate surroundings that make it suitable for picnickers. Visitors can also enjoy a serene boat ride on the shimmering water of this lake and soak in the mesmerizing sunset views. During winters, visitors can also spend time spotting a myriad of exotic migratory birds that flock to this lake from central Asia and Siberia.

The sound of the water and the soft breeze at Ghora Katora Lake will surely offer a calming aura to every tourist visiting this place. Tourists can reach this lake by bicycles, tongas, or horse carts.

Timings:
Open 24 hours

Location:
Ghora Katora Lake is located 12 kilometres (7.5 mi) away from Rajgir. The lake is connected to Rajgir by a 6.5 kilometres (4.0 mi) long forested road. Motor vehicles are not allowed near the lake.

History:
Encompassed by lofty mountains, Ghora Katora Lake has a shape that resembles the face of a horse. As legend has it, horses of the early kings of Rajgir once walked up to this lake to drink water. Then chief minister of Bihar, Nitish Kumar visited Ghora Katora Lake for the first time in 2009 in order to popularize this place for eco-tourism. This lake opened for the public on 29th January 2011.

Attractions:
Ghora Katora Lake offers excellent paddle boating opportunities. There are guest rooms and a cafeteria near this lake. There is also a gigantic 70 feet tall statue of Lord Buddha in pink sandstone, lying on the shores of the lake.

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People Also Ask About Bihar

  1. Which are the best places to visit in Bihar with family?

    1. Vikramshila Ruins, Bhagalpur: Established under King Dharmapala, Vikramshila served as a Buddhist learning centre. Flaunting wall carvings, stupas, and monasteries, this building is now in its ruins.

    2. Buxar Fort, Buxar: Built under King Rudra Deo in 1054 AD and known popularly for its intricate wall carvings, Buxar Fort is one of the best tourist places in Bihar for architecture buffs.

    3. Kesaria Stupa, Kesaria: Constructed by Raja Chakravarti between 200 AD and 750 AD,  the 104 feet high Kesaria Stupa is India’s largest and tallest Buddha Stupa.

    4. Thai Monastery, Bodhgaya: Built in 1957, Thai Monastery was built together by the Indian Buddhist monks and the government of Thailand. Flaunting traditional Thai architecture, the monastery lets you learn about the cultural heritage of Thailand.

    5. Griddhakuta Peak, Rajgir: Also referred to as Vulture Peak, the 400 meters high Griddhakuta Peak is the place where Buddha delivered several sermons. The peak features a charming Peace Pagoda and intriguing caves.
  2. Which are the best religious places to visit in Bihar?

    1. Vishwa Shanti Stupa: Excavated back in 1969, Vishwa Shanti Stupa is a 125 feet high peace pagoda, encompassed by lush green environs and a serene pond, where you can enjoy boating.

    2. Chaumukhi Mahadev Temple: One of the oldest religious places to visit in Bihar, Chaumukhi Mahadev Temple is dedicated to Lord Shiva. The four-faced Shivalinga is the prime attraction in this 4th century temple.

    3. Vishnupad Mandir: As its name suggests, the 100 feet tall Vishnupad Mandir is famed to house the footprints of Lord Vishnu.

    4. Mithila Shakti Peeth: Dedicated to Goddess Durga, Mithila Shakti Peeth is one of the country’s shakti peethas. The temple houses the figurines of Lord Mahodar and Goddess Uma Devi.

    5. Jal Mandir: Nestled amidst a picturesque water-body and dedicated to Lord Mahavir, Jal Mandir is an important pilgrimage site for the Jains.

    6. Pathar ki Masjid: Constructed in the 16th century under Parvez Shah, the son of Mughal Emperor Jehangir, Pathar ki Masjid flaunts the Indo-Islamic architecture, with 4 minarets a dome.
  3. What is the best time to visit Bihar?

    The most ideal time for visiting Bihar is during the winter season, between the months of October and March. During this time of the year, the state experiences pleasant weather, which makes outdoor activities possible.
  4. How to reach Bihar?

    By Flight: Jay Prakash Narayan International Airport in Pune is connected to all the important cities of the country, including Delhi, Mumbai, Goa, Bangalore, and Kolkata by important national and international carriers.

    By Train: Several state and national highways connect Patna to many of its surrounding cities and states.

    By Bus: The Patna Junction Railway Station is connected to all the important cities of the country, including Delhi, Varanasi, Mumbai, Guwahati, Lucknow, Amritsar, and Kolkata. Important railway carriers like Northeast Express, Rajdhani, Magadh, and Brahmaputra regularly operate to and from Patna.
  5. What is Bihar famous for?

    Bihar is known widely for its colourful festivals, beautiful temples, rich cultural heritage, and unique cuisine. It is also known for its significance to Buddhism and Jainism.
  6. What is the famous food to try in Bihar?

    Some of the very popular delicacies of Bihar include Litti Chokha, Thekua, Chandrakala, Naivedyam, Chana Ghugni, Dal Peetha, Laung-latika, Rasia, Shakkarpara, Balushahi, Gur Anarsa, and Sattu sharbat.
Newly Added Bihar Experience

Places to Visit in India

Places to Visit in Delhi Places to Visit in Goa Places to Visit in Pune Places to Visit in Bangalore Places to Visit in Mumbai Places to Visit in Hyderabad Places to Visit in Jaipur Places to Visit in Chennai Places to Visit in Kolkata Places to Visit in Ladakh Places to Visit in Spiti Places to Visit in Andaman Places to Visit in Arunachal Pradesh Places to Visit in North East Places to Visit in Sikkim Places to Visit in Darjeeling Places to Visit in Meghalaya Places to Visit in Gangtok Places to Visit in Rajasthan Places to Visit in Uttarakhand Places to Visit in Kerala Places to Visit in Karnataka Places to Visit in Maharashtra Places To Visit In Himachal Pradesh Places to Visit in Madhya Pradesh Places to Visit in Kashmir Places to Visit in Manali Places to Visit in Dharamshala Places to Visit in Shimla Places to Visit in Mcleodganj Places to Visit in Nainital Places to Visit in Mussoorie Places to Visit in Dehradun Places to Visit in Rishikesh Places To Visit In Jammu Places to Visit in Srinagar Places to Visit in Chikmagalur Places to Visit in Munnar Places to Visit in Kodaikanal Places to Visit in Ooty Places to Visit in Pondicherry Places to Visit in Wayanad Places to Visit in Coorg Places to Visit in Mysore Places to Visit in Lonavala Places to Visit in Alibaug Places To Visit In Mahabaleshwar Places to Visit in Udaipur Places to Visit in Jodhpur Places to Visit in Jaisalmer Places to Visit in Mount Abu Places to Visit in Agra Places To Visit In South Goa Places To Visit In North Goa
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