The state of Jharkhand was crafted from the southern region of Bihar. The state shares its borders with the neighbouring states, namely, Bihar, Uttar Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Orissa and West Bengal. Most of the part of this state lies in the region of the Chota Nagpur Plateau and is popularly called as the Vananchal, which means the land of woods.
Much part of this state is under the cover of the lush green forests, nearly 30 percent. These forests are the abode to the Asian Elephant and the Royal Bengal tiger. There are a large number of zoological gardens and National parks which are located in this state, and thus give the state its panoramic variety. These National parks boasts a variety of bisons, elephants, tigers, wild boars, sambhars, deer, pythons, foxes, langurs, blue bulls, rhesus monkeys and rabbits. The mammals which can be seen in the region of this state includes hares, wild cats, honey badgers, wolves, giant squirrels and antelopes. The most famous spots of the wildlife in this region are Hazaribagh Wildlife Sanctuary and Betla National Park.
The capital of the state, Ranchi is an important hub for the state and is houses many attractions for tourists. The various beautiful waterfalls such as Jonha Falls, Hirni Falls, Dassam Falls and Hundru Falls located in this region provide some scenic glimpses of the state to tourists. Some pilgrim spots are also situated in this region namely Baidyanath Dham and Parasnath Hill. The best time to visit jharkhand is during the winter months from October to February.